Types of Succulents -Info and pictures

1) Aloes. A year ago I knew of only one – Aloe vera but now I realize that I have at least 5 types of aloe. They all have pointed leaves but come in different colors and sizes. Some have spiny leaves, many form rosettes. They all produce pups quite quickly which can be separated from the main plant. They flower with a long stem. Aloes are quite easy to grow the variety makes them much more interestiandng than I first thought. I prefer Aloe humilis which is very attractive and hardy. Aloes adjust to different lighting and watering situations well but do not tolerate frost.

2) Crassula is an easy to grow succulent group , the most common being the jade plant. It also has varieties that are very interesting. One is ET jade and another is wavy or curly jade. Jade can be propoagated from a leaf quite quickly or by cutting off branches and letting them callus before planting them. I like a tiny variety of crassula which I call watch chain. It grows very easily and is great for filling in arrangements with something delicate and intricate. Another tiny one is pine tree. Crassula usually have stems and thick leaves and they do not tolerate frost.

Watch chain , ripple or curly jade , ET jade and common jade in the back.

3)Haworthia. A very popular group of succulents is Haworthia. These are small slow growing succulents that are happy indoors with low light. I find them very attractive especially the varieties with very fat leaves such as Fat Albert ( Haworthia comptoniana) and the tiny light green chubby (Haworthia cooperi). Everyone loves the Zebra plant with white stripes ( Haworthia fasciata) I heard it takes almost a year to grow a plant from a leaf but they do produce pups which can be separated from the mother plant. Because they don’t propogate so easily, they are more expensive to buy than other succulents. Be careful not to overwater and bring them in when it gets cold( 40 degrees F)

4) Kalanchoe – There are many varieties and they grow well in Florida. Most have clusters of bell-shaped flowers. I have a large variety in my big container of succulents in my yard that has pale gray/green leaves with purple marks. I have others with serrated pale green leaves and of course” mother of thousands” which has many plantlets on each leaf. There are many varieties and they grow well in Florida. Most have clusters of bell-shaped flowers. All of these are easily propogated from leaves, plantlets or stems. One I would like more of is flap jacks which have round light green leaves with red edges. Kalanchoes can adjust to bright light and grow well in the ground but they get very leggy in low light. They can not tolerate frost so bring them inside.


5) Sempervivum commonly called ” hens and chicks” is another succulent which forms small tight rosettes. They tolerate a wide range of lighting from bright sunlight to indoors but since they  hug the ground ,they are very prone to rot if the soil stays too very prone to rot if the soil stays too wet. They tolerate below freezing temperatures. Cobweb houseleek is an interesting sempervivum. After a few years they flower once and die but they regularly produce many pups or chicks which can be separated.

Senecio- strings and sticks +

Senecio is a genus with many different succulents ranging in appearance from straight stick-like plants such as the beacon plant to strings of pearls to larger short stemmed bushes. The smaller ones are mostly slow growing and tend to be more expensive. They tolerate a range of lighting conditions, are prone to rot easily, and cannot tolerate frost. The best way to propagate is by cuttings.

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